In addition to the terms and basic principles of prevention and health promotion, sociological and psychological basics of human behavior are explained. Furthermore, structures and institutions are introduced, which are relevant for preventive measures in Germany. Subsequently, areas for action for prevention schemes are outlined, including topics such as alcohol abuse, smoking, infection prophylaxis, nutrition and cancer screening. In doing so, national and international campaigns and projects are introduced, strategies and impacts are discussed and evaluated. In the field of health promotion, possibilities for shaping people’s living environments in a health-promoting way based on the Ottawa Charta's principles are presented, e.g. in the areas of education, work, traffic, and living. Moreover, their significance for German framework conditions is discussed.

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